The deep web has been around pretty much as long as the internet has. First developed by an American defense research organization in conjunction with the US Navy, it was created with the purpose of sending confidential materials between US organizations. The Tor code was only released to the public back in 2004, and in 2006, the Tor Project was formed – and was welcomed with a surge in popularity due to the new-found level of online protection. While many of the reasons for using Tor – and many of the intentions of those who establish markets on the platform – is sincere, it does also provide a safe space for criminal activity. This includes weapon sales, stolen bank information, and even child pornography.